Gastrointestinal cancer refers to malignant conditions of some part of the gastrointestinal tract or the related organs. That includes Cancer of any of the organs like esophagus, stomach, biliary system, pancreas, small intestine, large intestine, rectum or the anus. The patient's symptoms are related to the organ affected. When the tubular structures are involved, it may cause obstruction to the natural forward flow of the contents resulting in any of the following symptoms like vomiting, abdominal pain, loss of appetite, unplanned significant weight loss, jaundice, altered bowel habits, internal bleeding or other associated problems.
The diagnosis often requires investigations like endoscopy, followed by biopsy of suspicious tissue. USG or sonography, CTscan MRI and some other investigations help to give more information.
The treatment like radical or palliative surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy or palliation with stenting depends on the location of the tumour, as well as the type of cancer cell and whether it has invaded other tissues or spread elsewhere resulting in metastases.
All these multiple factors determine the recovery of the disease.
Cancer esophagus is much more common in men than in women. Many of these cancers are linked to tobacco or alcohol use
Difficulty in swallowing or dysphagia is the most common symptom with Cancer esophagus. Endoscopic Biopsy, EUS and CECT help in deciding the treatment protocol for the particular patient.
Signs and symptoms of colon cancer include a recent change in the bowel habits, diarrhoea or constipation or a change in the consistency of stool, Fresh Rectal bleeding or altered blood in stools, Persistent abdominal discomforts, such as cramps, gaseous feeling or pain.
High level of suspicion to notice Subtle symptoms is important to catch the bowel cancer at the early stage.
Colonoscopy, Sonography, CECT are helpful investigations. Surgery gives excellent results in the early stages.
Loss of appetite and weight is the hallmark of Gastric cancer and Pancreatic cancer. Cancer pancreas starting in the head of the pancreas may present with jaundice at early stages. Late-stage diagnosis results in poor prognosis. Endoscopy, CECT offers great support. Extensive surgery is required at an early stage to get the best outcome in the Cancer Pancreas patient.
Each and every Gall Bladder specimen removed at Lap Chole is subjected to histopathology examination to rule out the incidental finding of the Gall bladder cancer. Gall bladder cancer patient may get either jaundice, gastric outlet obstruction resulting in incessant vomiting. When it spreads to the adjacent colon it may cause its obstruction.
Cholangiocarcinoma is a rare disease of the bile ducts. Bile ducts extend between and carry bile from liver to the small intestine. Although it is cancerous, it is a very slow-growing tumour. It may obstruct the bile flow even when it is very tiny. This bile flow obstruction results in jaundice. Its close proximity to very important blood vessels supplying the liver makes it a treacherous disease. Although it is very small in size, it still is a big challenge to eradicate it.
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Herekar park Building
Rajyog B Wing 3 First Floor
Near Kamala Nehru Garden
Off Bhandarkar road
Deccan Gymkhana PO
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