The endoscopy procedure uses an endoscope to examine the interior of a hollow organ or cavity of the body.
An upper GI endoscopy is used to diagnose and, sometimes, treat conditions that affect the upper part of your digestive system, including the esophagus, stomach and beginning of the small intestine (duodenum)
A colonoscopy is used to detect changes or abnormalities in the large intestine (colon) and rectum. During a colonoscopy, a long, flexible tube (colonoscope) is inserted into the rectum.
Upper GI endoscopy can be used to identify different diseases like
gastroesophageal reflux disease GERD,
Ulcer or the Acid Peptic disease,
Inflammation or swelling
Strictures or narrowing of the esophagus.
Before the procedure begins, you will need to change into the hospital gown. If you wear dentures, you may be asked to remove them. Generally, this procedure is completed with only the topical or local anaesthesia. Some patients may need to be given a sedative through an intravenous (IV) needle in your arm. A hollow mouthpiece is inserted to hold the mouth open during the procedure.
The endoscope doesn't interfere with the breathing. As the endoscope is passed down the esophagus, A tiny camera at the tip transmits images to a video monitor in the exam room.
An upper endoscopy takes approximately 10 to 15 minutes. A colonoscopy takes approximately 15 to 30 minutes. Patients remain in the recovery area 30 to 40 minutes after the procedure.
Follow up endoscopy is required to document the healing of gastric ulcers and to rule out the presence of gastric cancer. This usually is performed 6-8 weeks after the initial diagnosis of peptic ulcer disease.
A colonoscopy can be done as screening for colon cancer and other problems. ... explore the cause of unexplained changes in bowel habits, per rectal bleeding or to evaluate the pain in the abdominal area. Endoscopy may be useful in identifying the reason for unexplained weight loss, chronic constipation, or diarrhoea
One may get a small amount of blood in your first bowel movement post-colonoscopy, especially if the polyp is been removed or biopsy is taken. A colonoscopy is considered positive if the doctor finds any polyps or abnormal tissue in the colon. Most polyps aren't cancerous, but some can be precancerous. Polyps removed during colonoscopy are sent to a laboratory for analysis to determine whether they are cancerous, precancerous or noncancerous.
If tissue samples are removed during your colonoscopy, the report is ready within a week.
EVL is the procedure of choice for symptomatic Esophageal varices. Foreign body ingestion, Severe Upper GI Bleeding may require the urgent procedure. Bleeding gastric varies may require glue injection. Advanced endoscopy includes other procedures like ERCP, PEG, POEM, EMR, ESD and stent insertion.
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Off Bhandarkar road
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